Saturday 14 May 2016

Project Rome - The Campaigns in Hispania, 179 BC to 104 BC.

179 BC
The offices of Tiberius Sempronius and Lucius Postumius were extended another year with the same armies and reinforcements were enlisted; of the Romans, three thousand foot and three hundred horse, and of the Latine allies, five thousand foot and four hundred horse. – Book XL, XLIV.

The proprætors, Lucius Postumius and Tiberius Sempronius settled between them that Albinus should march through Lusitania against the Vaccæans and return to Celtiberia. Gracchus was sent investigate the situation in Celtiberia. – Book XL, XLVII.

Gracchus marched to the city of Alce, where the Celtiberians were camped. In this action, nine thousand of the enemy were killed, and three hundred and twenty taken, with an hundred and twelve horses, and thirty-seven military ensigns.  – Book XL, XLVIII.

After this battle, Gracchus ravaged the country of Celtiberia and in a few days received the submission of an hundred and three towns. – Book XL, XLIX.

Ergavia, terrified by the disasters of the surrounding states, opened its gates to the Romans. Not all submissions were made with sincerity, but whenever the legions were led away from any quarter of the country the natives resumed their arms. The Celtiberians were defeated and concluded a peace. Lucius Postumius fought two battles in the farther Spain with the Vaccæans. – Book XL, L.

178 BC
In the distribution of the provinces Marcus Titinius received Hither Spain and the Farther Spain went to Titus Fonteius Capito. - Book XLI, I.

Two triumphs for conquests in Spain were successively celebrated; the first to Sempronius Gracchus triumph over the Celtiberians and the second Lucius Postumius over the Lusitanians. – Book XL, VII.

177 BC
The consuls were ordered to send into Spain, to Marcus Titinius, one legion, with three hundred horse, and five thousand foot, and three hundred horse of the allies. - Book XLI, IX.

176 BC
It was ordered that Marcus Titinius and Titus Fonteius, proconsuls, should remain in Spain and be sent reinforcements totalling three thousand Roman foot with three hundred horse and five hundred Latine foot, with three hundred horse. – Book XLI, XV.

174 BC
New assignments for Spain; Cneius Servilius Cæpio would receive Farther Spain and to Publius Furius Philus, Hither Spain. —to each, three thousand Roman foot, with one hundred and fifty horse, and five thousand Latine foot with three hundred horse. – Book XLI, XXI.

In Spain, the Celtiberians on the arrival of Appius Claudius made attack on the Roman camp.  Before the second hour, they were driven from the field with the loss of fifteen thousand dead and thirty-two standards taken. - Book XLI, XXVI.

At the end of the year, a thanksgiving was awarded to Appius Claudius, proconsul. – Book XLI, XXVIII.

173 BC
New troops for Spain, three thousand Roman foot and two hundred horse. - Book XLII, I.

Numerius Fabius on his way to take office in Hither Spain, died at Marseilles. Publius Furius, the former governor, would continue until a replacement is chosen.  – Book XLII, IV.

172 BC
The prætors for Spain applied for reinforcement; Marcus Junius for Hither Spain and Spurius Lucretius for the Farther and both were denied. – Book  XLII, X.

170 BC
During the year in which Aulus Hostilius Mancinus and Aulus Atilius Serranus were consuls, the Celtiberians raised disturbances in Spain. - Book XLIII, IV.

169 BC
The senate voted to raise three thousand Roman foot and three hundred horse for Spain. The number of men in each legion was limited to five thousand foot and three hundred and thirty horse. In addition, four thousand foot and three hundred horse would be levied from the allies. – Book XLIII, XII.

167 BC
The senate decreed that Spain, which, during the Macedonian war, had been but one province should be again formed into two. Lots were drawn for which Cneius Fulvius received Hither Spain, and Caius Licinius Nerva, Farther Spain - Book XLV, XVI.

- Here follow only fragments of ninety-five books or more.- 

151 BC
The war in Spain discouraged the citizens of Rome as it was thought that the consul Claudius Marcellus had reduced Celtiberia to a state of tranquility. His successor, Lucius Lucullus found himself is engaged in war with the Vaccæans, Cantabrians and other nations of Spaniards. The prætor, Servius Sulpicius Galba, fights the Lusitanians unsuccessfully. – Book unknown.

149 BC
Lucius Scribonius, tribune of the people, proposed that the Lusitanians who had surrendered on the faith of the Roman people and had been sold in Gaul, by Servius Galba, should be restored to liberty. - Book XLIX, unknown.

145 BC
Viriathus, in Spain, a shepherd and later general of a powerful army, vanquished the prætor, Petillius out of Lusitania and put his army to flight. Caius Plautius, prætor, sent against him; is equally unsuccessful. So successful was Viriathus that it was deemed necessary to send a consular army, against him. – Book L, unknown.

142 BC
Quintus Fabius, proconsul, takes many cities of Lusitania, and recovers the greatest part of that country.
- Book unknown.

141 BC
Quintus Pompeius, consul, subdues the Termestines, in Spain; makes peace with them and with the Numantians. – Book LIV, unknown.

138 BC
Marcus Popillius, having made peace with the Numantines, which the senate refused to ratify, is routed, and his whole army put to flight. – Book LV, unknown.

136 BC
In the Farther Spain: Marcus Æmilius Lepidus engages the Vaccæans, unsuccessfully, and is as unfortunate as Mancinus was against the Numantines. – Book LVI, unknown.

135 BC
The war in Numantia, owing to the ill conduct of the generals continues; the senate and people voluntarily confer the consulship upon Scipio Africanus. The law, which prohibits any man from being elected consul a second time, is dispensed with. – Book LVI, unknown.

133 BC
Scipio Africanus lays siege to Numantia. Reduced to strict discipline the army compelling every man carries provisions for thirty days and seven stakes for their fortifications. Further, Scipio sold all the beasts of burden so that the soldiers might be forced to carry their own baggage. He engaged in frequent skirmishes with the enemy, with good success. The Vaccæans, being reduced to extremity, first, put their wives and children to death, and then slew themselves. Numantia was closely invested on all sides, he gave orders, that those who came out, in search of victuals, should not be killed: saying, that the more numerous the inhabitants were, the sooner would their provisions be consumed. – Book LVII, unknown.

104 BC
The Cimbrians, having ravaged all the country between the Rhine and the Pyrenees, pass into Spain; where they continue like depredations. The Cimbrians are put to flight by the Celtiberians: and returning into Gaul, they join the Teutons. – Book LXVII, unknown.

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